ARM and TSMC used an extensive pre-planning process, including a static analysis of each module's overall logic structure, to put together a 2.3GHz processor design based around ARM's main 64bit Big.Little pairing for the foundry's 16nm finFET process.
How tuning a design flow can help optimize SoC processor cores for power, performance and area - and make it possible to do different optimisations for different cores on the same SoC.
Dynamic voltage and frequency scaling is effective for low-power VLSI design. Body or back bias can provide additional control over leakage and performance.
By taking the circuit supply voltage close to that of the threshold voltage or even below, it is possible to optimize low-power VLSI design. But there are pitfalls.
While some HW/SW co-design and verification techniques are in place, a power analysis methodology is only just emerging
The configurability of processor IP such as Synopsys' ARC HS family gives designers the option to optimise for power, performance or a combination of both.
Reset is no longer simply an 'X' issue but also feeds into power optimization. Catching issues early greatly speeds verification.
Effective low-power design for embedded-systems will take a new culture of close collaboration between hardware and software engineers.
Problems with process scaling make it seem as though the long era of innovative, lucrative hardware design is coming to an end. But is that really the case?
Mobile and networking platforms need high bandwidth, low power consumption, and small footprint. These needs drove standards, such as LPDDR4, Wide I/O 2 and Hybrid Memory Cube.
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